Urbanization in Pakistan: A Governance Perspective

Nasira Jabeen, Umm e Farwa, Zafar Iqbal Jadoon

Abstract


Urbanization is the process of growth in urban areas. It is increasing at global level as well as in Pakistan. Pakistan is urbanizing at an annual rate of 3% - the fastest pace in South Asia (Kotkin and Cox, 2013). Inflated urbanization in Pakistan is caused due to both external/internal migration to the cities and natural increase. The research on urbanization is challenging because a differences lies in defining of urban communities in different contexts and unavailability of latest census data. The paper while postulating on the evolution of the concept discusses various approaches to urbanization and their linkage with development framework. Instead of considering urbanization as a problem it deliberates on various governance challenges and supports the complementary and urban governance view by addressing the issue with a renewed interest. Urbanization in Pakistan requires a tremendous focus on governance structure and policies, eliminating poverty, providing education, housing, transportation, employment, public health and supplementary amenities at an augmented level. These challenges need to be addressed by policy makers and governing body of the country with indigenous solutions in the form of sustainable policies, leading to their effective implementation and evaluation. Norms of urban governance require efficiency, transparency, participation, accountability, social justice, and security for all individuals at various levels. If economic growth, human development and augmented urbanization could be managed and governed efficaciously using the above norms and indicators only then there would be a hope for good governance in Pakistan.

Aus. J. Law, Ethics & Gov. Vol 1(1), October 2015, P 14-25


Keywords


Urbanization; Urban Communities; Governance; Complementary View; Human Development

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