Gender Mainstreaming in the Police Organisations: Bangladesh Perspective

Humaira Parvin


Due to the nature of the job, the traditional policing has always been considered as an “act of masculinity.” However, the modern day policing includes many attributes such as community policing, technological knowledge, attending of both victims, and offenders with empathy and at the same time the traditional crime fighting skills. This changing role of policing has resulted in the increased participation of the female police worldwide. Bangladesh is also not devoid of this reality. However, in spite of having different steps to promote female participation in the police organizations, the integration is becoming harder. The current study has tried to explore the state of gender balancing from the perspective of a developing country like Bangladesh by analyzing the current situation and identifying the barriers to integration for the females. Analyzing collected data from different sources, it has been found that the women are not treated equally as the men in the police organizations in terms of different service benefits such as the distribution of duties, training, promotion, rewards, and so on. Different factors such as social and religious culture, family orientation, and male-dominated organizational structure act as the negative factors for bringing the women to mainstream police duties. Moreover, the absence of government’s distinct policy in those areas is also playing an adverse role. Since gender mainstreaming focuses on policy change for women equality, addressing the identified factors can contribute to formulate appropriate policy, which can lead to the doorways of gender equality in Bangladesh Police.

Aus. J. Law, Ethics & Gov. Vol 3(1), April 2017, P 32-40


Gender Mainstreaming; Gender Equality; Police Organization; Women Police; Female Participation; Gender Discrimination; Socioreligious Culture

Full Text:



Bangladesh Police Women Network. (2016,). At a Glance. Retrieved December 19, 2016 from BPWN:

Chan, J., Doran, S., & Marel, C. (2010). Doing and Undoing Gender in Policing. Theoretical Criminology, 14(4), 425-446. doi:10.1177/1362480610376408

Commonwealth Human Rights Initiatives. (2015). Rough Roads to Equality: Women Police in South Asia. New Delhi: Commonwealth Human Rights Initiatives.

Daly, M. (2005). Gender Mainstreaming in Theory and Practice. Social Politics, 12(3), 433-450. doi:10.1093/sp/jxi023

Denscombe, M. (2010). The Good Research Guide: For Small Scale Social Research Project. New York: Open University Press.

Ehiemua, S. (2014). Nigerian Police Force: Are Females Suitable for Police Duty? European Journal of Research and Reflection in Arts and Humanities, 2(2), 18-24.

Ferdous, J. (2014). Women in Bangladesh Civil Service: Stumbling Blocks Towards the Way of Participation. Social Sciences, 3(5), 177-182.

Fletcher, C. (1996). The 250lb-Man in an Alley: Police Story Telling. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 9(5), 36-42.

Hossain, A. N. (2015). Women Empowerment in Rural Local Government of Bangladesh. International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies, 10(2), 584-593.

Hossain, M. (2016, December 26). Clerical Staff, Police Headquarters, Dhaka. (H. Parvin, Interviewer)

Hossen, M. A. (2014). Measuring Gender Based Violence: Results of the Violence Against Women (VAW) Survey in Bangladesh. Dhaka: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics.

Kozama, T. (2012). Understanding Gender Mainstreaming in Modern Law Enforcement. Connections: The Quarterly Journal, 11(2), 87-94. Retrieved December 22, 2016 from

Legislative and Parliamentary Affairs Division. (2016). Laws of Bangladesh. Retrieved from Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs. Retrieved January 03, 2017 from

Lippe, T. V., Graumans, A., & Sevenhuijsen, S. (2004). Gender policies and the position of women in the police force in European Countries. Journal of European Social Policy, 14(4), 391-405.

Mukta, N. J. (2016, December 24). Additional Deputy Police Commissioner, Dhaka Metropolitan Police. (H. Parvin, Interviewer)

Natarajan, M. (2014). Police Cultures and the Integration of Women Officers in India. International Journal of Police Science and Management, 16(2), 124-139. doi:10.1350/ijps.2014.16.2.333

National Women Development Policy (2011). Dhaka: Ministry of Women and Children Affairs. Retrieved November 29, 2016 from

Pillai, K. R., Prasad, S., & Thomas, J. (2011). Why do Women Still Experience Downward Gravitation in the Corporate Ladder? A Close Look at Glass Ceiling at Bahrain. Research and Practice in Human Resource Management, 19(1), 1-10.

Porter, L. E., & Prenzler, T. (2015). Police Officer Gender and Excessive Force Complaints: An Australian Study. Policing and Society. doi:10.1080/10439463.2015.1114616

Silvestri, M., Tong, S., & Brown, J. (2013). Gender and Police Leadership: Time for a Paradigm Shift? International Jurnal of Police Science and Leadership, 15(1), 61-73. Retrieved January 09, 2017 from

Teddlie, C., & Yu, F. (2009). Mixed Method Sampling: A Typology with Examples. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1(1), 77-100.

Ullah, A. A. (2007). The State of Female Migration Flow in International Labour Market: How is Bangladesh Doing?

Walby, S. (2005). Gender Mainstreaming: Productive Tensions in Theory and Practice. Social Politics, 12(3), 321-343. doi:10.1093/sp/jxi018

Zafarullah, H. (2000). Through the Brick Wall, and the Glass Ceiling: Women in the Civil Service in Bangladesh. Gender, Work and Organization, 7(3).


  • There are currently no refbacks.